Memory Improvement Strategies

Memory is a complex process that involves acquiring, sorting and recalling information. In order for new memories to form, information must be turned into a usable source, this process is known as encoding. Once encoding is successful it is stored for later use. Our memories are stored outside of our natural awareness. When we need to recall this information the retrieval process allows us to bring memories into our conscious awareness. Memory involves three processes - information input - retaining information and retrieving information, strategies on how to improve upon these three aspects is documented below.

Types of memory

There are two main types of memory which are listed below:

Short term
Short term memory is the capacity to hold small amounts of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time. The duration of short term memory is beloved to be in the order to seconds.

Long term
Long term is anything you remember that happened more than a few minutes ago. Long term memories can last for just a few days, or for many years.

Ways to improve memory

There are many ways an individual can improve upon their memory, below is a small summary of the strategies our Occupational Therapists may advise upon.

Strategies for information input

  • Reduce distractions which may interfere with processing new information.
  • Write information down

Strategies for retaining information

  • Develop structure or frameworks to retrieve information later on
  • Make list
  • Rhyming - using simple rhymes can to remember information
  • Numbering or counting things can aid memory

Strategies for retrieving information

  • Use retrieval cues such as words associations
  • reward yourself for remembering

Suitable condition for memory improvement strategies

There are a number of conditions which can benefit from memory strategy input some of which are listed below:

Memory improvement strategies can also benefit other conditions not listed above, if you would like further information please do not hesitate to contact us.

Benefits of memory improvements strategies

There are a number of benefits to receiving our Occupational Therapy input some of which have been listed below:

  • Improved long term memory
  • Improved short term memory
  • Improved processing


Our Occupational Therapy cognitive rehabilitation is a goal-orientated program that aims to improve cognitive functions (memory, attention, and concentration) and daily living skills (i.e using the telephone, managing medication, and handling money) that may have been affected by age, illness or disability.

Arrange an appointment

If you would to arrange an appointment with one of our Occupational Therapists then please feel free to contact us at or call us on 02033 937 332



London OT offer and provide a range of Occupational Therapy services for individuals with a variety of conditions.

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